389.232 Wave Propagation
This course is in all assigned curricula part of the STEOP.
This course is in at least 1 assigned curriculum part of the STEOP.

2023W, VU, 3.0h, 5.0EC


  • Semester hours: 3.0
  • Credits: 5.0
  • Type: VU Lecture and Exercise
  • Format: Presence

Learning outcomes

After successful completion of the course, students are able to visualize electromagnetic waves on transmission lines and in free space and are able to select a suitable transmission line for different kinds of radio frequency signals. Finally, the students are familiar with the problems and natural limits of wave propagation and antennas.


Subject of course

General characterization of electromagnetic waves, including repetition of basics: wave vector, field pattern, wave impedance, polarization, boundary conditions, solutions of wave equations in Cartesian coordinate systems, plane waves. Specific examples of some important lines and the waves they propagate: parallel plate, surface waves, dielectric waveguides, microstrip lines. Metallic waveguides (including resonators). Propagation of electromagnetic waves in free-space (radio links, radar) and at interfaces (reflection, scattering, refraction, diffraction). Mobile communication propagation (fast/slow and selective/flat fading, time dispersion and intersymbol interference, description of multi-path propagation with deterministic and stochastic methods). Electrical charcterization of antennas by antenna pattern, gain, polarization, impedance, bandwidth. Far field and near field, basics of reciprocity.

Please note, this lecture is given in German only!

Teaching methods

The theory of electromagnetic waves and antennas is supported by exemplary problems, by hardware items ("things of the week") to touch and feel, and an introduction into the software package EZNEC which allows the numerical modelling of simple antennas. An optional experiment can be carried out at home to verify the law of refraction.

Mode of examination

Written and oral

Additional information

The first lecture will be held on Tuesday Oct. 3, 2023 at 10:15am in lecture hall EI 2 (Pichelmayer).

The lectures are held on 

Tuesdays at 10:15-12:00 noon (lecture hall EI 2)


Thursdays at 10:15-11:00 (lecture hall EI 2). 

The wave propagation lectures from 2020W were recorded and are available on TUbe as video on demand. At the time of recording the course number was LVA 389.064.



Course dates

Tue10:00 - 12:0003.10.2023 - 23.01.2024EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Thu10:00 - 11:0005.10.2023 - 25.01.2024EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Wave Propagation - Single appointments
Tue03.10.202310:00 - 12:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Thu05.10.202310:00 - 11:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Tue10.10.202310:00 - 12:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Thu12.10.202310:00 - 11:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Tue17.10.202310:00 - 12:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Thu19.10.202310:00 - 11:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Tue24.10.202310:00 - 12:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Tue31.10.202310:00 - 12:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Tue07.11.202310:00 - 12:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Thu09.11.202310:00 - 11:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Tue14.11.202310:00 - 12:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Thu16.11.202310:00 - 11:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Tue21.11.202310:00 - 12:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Thu23.11.202310:00 - 11:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Tue28.11.202310:00 - 12:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Thu30.11.202310:00 - 11:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Tue05.12.202310:00 - 12:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Thu07.12.202310:00 - 11:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Tue12.12.202310:00 - 12:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung
Thu14.12.202310:00 - 11:00EI 2 Pichelmayer HS - ETIT Vorlesung

Examination modalities

The exam has a writen and oral part. Optionally, two additional tasks (one is experimental, the other is a simulation) can be accomplished which give add-on points. 

You may not use any aids to answer the 10 theory questions in the written part.
As soon as you have finished, you will hand in the theory part of the exam and you will receive the calculation problems. 
For the solution of the calculation exercises you are only allowed to use the formulary which is enclosed with the exam (and which has to be handed in after the exam). 
Neither the script nor handwritten notes are allowed! 
Graphical calculators and smartphones are also not allowed!



DayTimeDateRoomMode of examinationApplication timeApplication modeExam
Mon11:15 - 12:3527.05.2024 CG 03 13written&oral17.05.2024 23:20 - 24.05.2024 18:00TISSmündliche Prüfung
Tue12:30 - 13:3028.05.2024 CG 03 13written&oral17.05.2024 23:40 - 24.05.2024 16:00TISSmündliche Prüfung
Tue15:00 - 18:0028.05.2024 CG 03 13written&oral17.05.2024 23:30 - 24.05.2024 16:00TISSmündliche Prüfung
Wed09:00 - 11:0005.06.2024 CG 03 13written&oral21.05.2024 15:45 - 03.06.2024 16:00TISSmündliche Prüfung
Thu10:30 - 11:3013.06.2024 CG 03 13written&oral21.05.2024 23:35 - 10.06.2024 16:00TISSmündliche Prüfung
Thu14:00 - 18:0027.06.2024EI 9 Hlawka HS - ETIT written06.06.2024 00:00 - 24.06.2024 00:00TISSschriftl. Prüfung
Tue14:00 - 18:0015.10.2024EI 7 Hörsaal - ETIT written24.09.2024 00:00 - 08.10.2024 00:00TISSschriftl. Prüfung
Mon15:00 - 19:0009.12.2024EI 9 Hlawka HS - ETIT written26.11.2024 00:00 - 05.12.2024 00:00TISSschriftl. Prüfung
Tue14:00 - 18:0021.01.2025EI 7 Hörsaal - ETIT written03.01.2025 00:00 - 16.01.2025 00:00TISSschriftl. Prüfung
Tue14:00 - 18:0018.03.2025EI 7 Hörsaal - ETIT written25.02.2025 00:00 - 11.03.2025 00:00TISSschriftl. Prüfung
Tue14:00 - 18:0013.05.2025EI 9 Hlawka HS - ETIT written28.04.2025 00:00 - 09.05.2025 00:00TISSschriftl. Prüfung
Wed14:00 - 18:0025.06.2025EI 9 Hlawka HS - ETIT written05.06.2025 00:00 - 23.06.2025 00:00TISSschriftl. Prüfung

Course registration

Not necessary


Study CodeObligationSemesterPrecon.Info
033 235 Electrical Engineering and Information Technology Mandatory5. SemesterSTEOP
Course requires the completion of the introductory and orientation phase
860 GW Optional Courses - Technical Mathematics Not specifiedSTEOP
Course requires the completion of the introductory and orientation phase


[2]  Ramo S., and Whinnery J. R., van Duzer Th., Fields and Waves in Communication Electronics, 2nd Ed., Wiley & Sons, 1984.
[3]  Baden Fuller A. J., Microwaves, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1969.
[4]  Baden Fuller A. J., Mikrowellen, Vieweg.
[5]  Solymar L., Lectures on Electromagnetic Theory, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1987.
[7]  Stutzman & Thiele, Antenna Theory and Design, Wiley, New York, 1981.
[8]  Parsons J. D., The Mobile Radio Propagation Channel, Halsted Press, New York, 1992, Wiley.
[9]  Vaughan R. and Bach-Andersen J., Channels, Propagation and Antennas for Mobile Communications, IEE Electromagnetic Waves Series 50, 2003.
[12]  Silver S., Mircowave Antenna Theory and Design, McGraw-Hill, 1949 (reprint P. Peregrinus, 1984).
[13]  Rudge A. W., and Milne K, and Olver A. D., and Knight P., The Handbook of Antenna Design, Vol 1 & 2, IEE Electromagnetic Waves Series 15 & 16, P. Peregrinus, 1986.
[14]  Kraus J. D., Antennas, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1950, reprint.
[15]  Tuttlebee W. H. W., Cordless Telecommunications in Europe: The Evolution of Per- sonal Communications, Springer, London, 1990.
[16]  Steele R., Mobile Radio Communications, Pentech Press, London, 1992.
[17]  Collin R. E., Antennas and Radiowave Propagation, McGraw-Hill, 1985.
[18]  Fujimoto K., and Henderson A., and Hirasawa K., and James J. R., Small Antennas, Wiley, New York, 1987.[20]  Jakes W. C., Microwave Mobile Communications, Wiley, New York, 1974.
[21]  Jasik H., Antenna Engineering Handbook, McGraw-Hil, 1961.
[23]  Matick R.E., Transmission Lines for Digital And Communication Networks, IEEE Press, NY, 1969.
[24]  Foster R. M., Bell Systems Technical Journal, Vol. III, No. 2, pp. 259-267, 1924.
[25]  Nedlin G., Energy in Lossless and Low-Loss Networks, and Foster’s Reactance Theo- rem, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 561–567, April 1989
[26]  ITU, Radio Regulations.
[27]  ITU, Terms and Definitions, http://www.itu.int/ITU-R/information/terminology/
[28]  Elmore W. C., Heald M. A., Physics of Waves, Dover, NY, USA, 1969.

Previous knowledge

This course builds on the knowledge of complex AC calculus for harmonic processes, i.e., those occurring at a single frequency. We use Maxwell's equations in differential form to describe electromagnetic fields. The wave propagation lecture builds on the terms and concepts you learned in the electrodynamics lecture.

Accompanying courses

Continuative courses